Orthopedic Knee Surgeons and Doctors

Knee pain is a common condition that can affect people of any age. Luckily, most knee pain can be addressed through conservative measures such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), therapeutic exercises and activity modification.

The knee joint is a complex joint. It has two compartments, the medial and lateral compartments, formed from the bottom of the thigh bone (femur) which sits on top of major lower leg bone (tibia). In the front of the joint, forming the third compartment is the kneecap (patella) which lies in the quadriceps tendon and rides in a groove in the end of the thighbone (femur). The knee joint has limited stability from a bony perspective. Therefore, the knee must rely on its ligaments and muscles to provide stability. Certain injuries to the knee may require advanced imaging such as an MRI to further evaluate them. In some cases, arthroscopic knee surgery may be needed to repair the torn ligament or cartilage.

Despite advanced surgical techniques to treat knee injuries, arthritis of the knee may be the long-term outcome from past traumatic episodes. In addition, with aging, one can lose cartilage; this is termed degenerative or osteoarthritis. Conservative measures are typically the first line treatment approach for these problems. Regenerative medicine options such as platelet rich plasma (PRP) and stem cells injections are other treatment options. If conservative measures fail, however, knee replacement surgery may be necessary to replace the damaged lining of the joint.

The good news is most injuries to the knee can be resolved conservatively, and majority of the others can be treated effectively surgically. Click on any physician image below to learn more below about Atlanta's top orthopedic knee doctors and specialists.